Origins of Wall Art or Mural
Word of the mural is adopted from Latin terms, Murus which means wall. A mural is an art or a picture on a wall or wide permanent surface. The mural can be created using paint for the wall and wood or colourful chalk. It is different from graffiti which uses spray paint as its media.
History of Mural
Wall art or mural has existed since 3000 BC. In other words, it has been existed since the pre-historic era and far from the modern era. In the pre-historic era, found paintings on the wall of caves in Spain, Blascau, and France. One of the famous wall paintings can be seen in a wall cave in Lascaux, south France that pictures hunting, cooking, and religious activity. At the time, the mural was painted using fruit extract as paint.
A country that had famous wall paintings or murals at the time is France. One of the famous murals is Pablo Picasso’s painting named Guernica or Guernica y Luno which was created during the civil war that happened in Spain, in 1937.
In the modern era, in the 1920s in Mexico murals began to be introduced. The pioneers of the mural at the time are Diego Rinera, Jose Clementre, and David Alvaro. From 1970 to 1990, there were murals with letters S.A.M.O in the corners of New York that was created by Jan-Mikel Busquest to build existence and identity, so many artists were interested. One of them is Keith Haring who becomes a mural artist for the rest of his carrier.
The purpose of mural creation is to commemorate the bombing by German soldiers in a small village that was occupied by the Spanish. Mural artists can communicate their thoughts with society visually while society interacts with the artist as consumers.