The Definition of Layout in Graphic Design

In graphic design, there is a familiar term known as the layout. But some learners don’t know what the meaning of layout is. Layout in graphic design is an element in a page with an artistic combination. The layout also means management of shape and page. The layout is created to show an element of picture and text to be more communicative.

In a concept, the layout is familiar with 3 categories:

1. The Grid System Layout Category

Grid is created to solve the problem of visual elements arrangements. The grid system is functioning as a tool to ease composing a good visual. By grid system, a graphic designer can create a systematic plot to persist consistency when doing repetition in making a composition. While the main purpose of using a grid system is making a communicative and satisfying design.

2. The Golden Section Layout Category

Before creating a grid, you should know the terms in graphic design. When you create a grid, you need a base. In graphic design, every great proportion is basic to make paper size and it is a balance in a design.  Great proportion itself has been invented since ancient time to present a perfect proportion.

To create a line needs a ratio of 8:13. It means the longer line will divide to the shorter. So it will be the same with the division of a perfect shape before it is cut by a long line.

What is the proportion? Maybe it sounds strange to your ears. The proportion is a row of number which every number is a sum of two numbers before and it begins from zero. The row of number has ratio 8:13 which also called the great proportion. The number is commonly used in architecture, building measurement, art, letter, and page layout because it has well-ordered proportion namely 0 1 1 2 3 5 8 13 21 34 55 89 144 233 377……….

Every object with a great proportion can satisfy eyes and represents nature things. For example, the tip of fern leaf and spiral in the snail shell.

3. The Symmetrical Grid Layout Category

In the grid symmetrical understanding, every page on the right side will be opponent to mirror of the left page. So, the outside margin needs a large field to maintain a good proportion. There is a classic layout invented by Jan Tschichold in 1902-1974. He is a German typographer who conceived the page measure by ratio proportion 2:3.


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